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Fiber cement; is a common term that describes slabs produced from fiber-reinforced cement and is generally used all over the world. The common feature of fibercement sheets is that they are produced with organic or inorganic fibers, as reinforcing element, and cement, as binding element. Fibercement sheets are covered by EN 12476 Standard. Two different methods are used in the production of fibercement sheets: Curing and Autoclave. According to the purpose of use, in order to provide improvement the properties of fiber cement panels such as heat insulation, electrical resistance, fire resistance etc. different additives may be added to their composition during production of panels.In recent years, fiber cement sheets that are the most preferred cladding material on exterior façades; have a different place from other cladding materials in terms of both aesthetics and strength. Fibercement panels can be used as both interior and exterior cladding material. It protects the exterior façade from adverse weather conditions and provides an aesthetic contribution to the façade as a cladding or surface coating material.There are two types of
cement-based fiber cement sheets produced by pressing at high density; colour through panels and surface coated panels.Colour- through fiber cement panels are produced by mixing the desired dye pigments into the dough homogeneously during production. Production of surface coated fiber cement panels is carried out by processing colour or pattern with artificial resin on high density pressed plate and by coating UV protection filter on the surface. The density of fibercement sheets is about 1300-1400 kg/m3. That is, approximately 10 kg load per square meter.Fibercement sheets with an average thickness of 10 mm are used in facade claddings.If the plaster is applied to the façade, instead of fiber cement façade cladding, approximately 30-40mm thick plaster should be applied. The density of the plaster is 2000 kg / m3. Accordingly, the fibercement façade cladding is lighter than the plaster. Two layers of plaster are made also in the sheathing process which is made with the purpose of thermal insulation only and ultimately, the load on the façade is more than the fiber cement cladding. In summary, an additional risk in terms of earthquake is not added to buildings covered with fiber cement cladding.
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